La Casa Milà, popularly known as La Pedrera (stone quarry in Catalan), is one of the paradigmatic works of Catalan modernism, and building that perhaps best sums up all the architectural elements used by Gaudí.
Pere Milà, the owner, had seen the house Batlló also made by Gaudí and was excited by her beauty, which commissioned the Catalan architect conducting a large apartment rental in their new land.
La Pedrera is currently owned by the financial institution Caixa Catalunya that keeps open the cover and the attic where you can view an exhibition on Gaudi and his works. Some apartments are private individuals and is dedicated to the main exhibition hall of the Cultural Center Caixa Catalunya.
La Pedrera was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1984, along with the Palau Guell, the Guell Park and the Crypt of the Colonia Guell.
This was the last major civil works done before Gaudi devoted entirely to works of the Sagrada Familia.
It is located in downtown Barcelona, in an area 1.000m2 in the corner of Paseo de Gracia and the streets Provence (Paseo de Gracia, 92), the Eixample district.
It has a total of five floors, plus a storage room made clear in its entirety with catenary arches and the roof, as well as two large internal courtyards and several smaller ones.
The spacious apartments are arranged around the facade and two interior courtyards circulars.
Gaudi designed a house with undulating forms and alive, alluding to the sea and vegetable motifs.
The sine wave confers a unique movement to the stone facade absolutely continuous circumventing the corners, representing the sea.
The different spaces are defined by dividing non-structural partitions, which provides great flexibility to modify the spaces instead of changing the partitions or deleted altogether.
On the terrace, the outputs of the stairs were surprising sculptures helical lined with marble and ceramics stuck.
Chimneys reminiscent warriors covered with a helmet. The whole area is fantastic and futuristic.
The attic is formed by a series of catenary arches.
The marine elements are in the interior decoration: roofs with movements, carved stone columns and furniture created by Gaudi very modern.
Openings seem dug into the undulating mass of stone from the facade and are adorned with a magnificent piece wrought iron with vegetable forms for the balconies and gates, surprising for the portals of the building, simulating climbing plants.
The structure is based on forged steel joists and the Catalan bovedillas behind by jácenas on metal pillars.
As a carrier of the facade were used to be wavy jácenas embedded in stone and are linked to joists of varying lengths.
In the attic, Gaudí built a series of catenary arches of varying heights depending on the width of the corridor. These arches support for the side walls of the inner and outer walls and above the deck staggered.
The only structural walls that there are those of the ladder.
On the facade was used natural stone taken from Garraf and Vilafranca.
Part of the facade is covered with white tiles.
The balconies are wrought iron.